In some of my work with my AI Asa H I have sought alternate concepts with which to model reality.
See, for example, my blog of 22 April 2013. Perhaps one way to promote the formation of such alternate models of reality is to give Asa H senses which humans don't have, things like radiation detectors, sonar, etc. Years ago Eddington presented his "two tables" paradox. He noted that we have a concept like "table", something that is continuous, colored, and solid when sensed with human fingers and eyes. But he argued that this same object would be mostly colorless empty space when observed via the scattering of, say, an electron beam.