Being an advocate of scientific pluralism I may explore or make use of some viewpoint without expecting it to be universal. We may come to understand one way of thinking (or one mechanism of thinking) without believing that we understand all of the intricacies ("mechanisms") of thought.
My creativity machine experiments (Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci., vol. 102, pg 32, 1999) rewrote natural language as PROLOG or other code ("logical language" if you will) and then applied logic programming or something similar to deduce conclusions or make postulates. This can be thought of as a computer implementation of logical positivism. And, similarly, when my AI Asa H starts with Lego NXT sensor input only and learns more and more complex (and abstract) spatial temporal patterns with which it comes to understand (be able to act successfully in) its world.
Experiments with Asa H can also be thought of as work in experimental philosophy looking into the details of functionalism.