Ulloa, et al, report (arXiv:1811.10553, 27 Nov. 2018) that a deep neural network can predict patient 1-year survival from echocardiograms significantly more accurately than trained human cardiologists.
The development of AI in general might take the form of creating specialist AIs like this and adding them to a growing society of agents.* Some of my work with A.s.a. H. has been along these lines. This is the pattern by which machines have taken over other tasks from humans and draft animals, etc. (i.e. automation)**
* Kiva logistics (warehouse) robots would also be an example.
** And see my blog of 20 Sept. 2018.